Allendale County Courthouse
The Allendale County Courthouse, constructed in 1921-1922, is significant as the county’s first and only
courthouse. Allendale County, the last county established in South Carolina, emerged in 1919 from
parts of Barnwell and Hampton counties, the last county established in South Carolina, emerged in 1919
from parts of Barnwell and Hampton counties, jurisdictions thought at the time to be too large to govern
effectively. Plans for a courthouse actually began with the legislative act establishing Allendale County,
therefore, this courthouse is not merely the only extant building in the county tied closely to the
county’s founding but clearly the most significant public building in the county. It is also important as an
example of the public design work in South Carolina of G. Lloyd Preacher, noted Augusta and Atlanta
architect and native sons of Allendale County. The A.J. Krebs and Company, general contractors of
Atlanta, was engaged to carry out the building’s construction. The courthouse is a two-story yellow
brick and limestone-accented building whose central block with pedestaled pediment is dominated by a
monumental, unengaged, flat-roofed Neoclassical Revival portico. The portico features four massive
limestone columns and responding pilasters of the Tuscan order, a classical entablature, and a brick and
limestone parapet. Immediately to the rear (northeast) and connected to the historic courthouse by a
narrow two-story hyphen is a large office and courtroom building that was completed and occupied in
2004. The new building’s construction was a part of a larger project that included the overall
reconstruction of the historic courthouse’s interior and rehabilitation of the exterior, following a
devasting arson fire that destroyed much the building’s interior on the morning of May 1998. The
interior’s restoration, in plan and detail, is based upon the 1921 architectural drawings by G. Lloyd
Preacher and Company. Listed in the National Register August 1, 2007.